Wednesday, November 14, 2007
UN Millenium Development Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases
Copyright: UNICEF Finland
By Tiina Mustakangas-Laukka
Malaria kills more than one million people a year. 8000 people die of AIDS and 4000 people die of Tuberculosis every day. In the 1930-50s Tuberculosis killed 8000 people in Finland a year. Today in Finland, medicines and treatments to fight the disease have reduced the number of deaths to less than 300 per year.
How is it possible that diseases which can become epidemic are under control in your country (Tuberculosis), or the catching of which can be prevented (Malaria), and which can be well treated (HIV/AIDS) are fatal in developing countries? How could the number of vaccinations be increased in developing countries? How could we help?
(The Ministry for Foreign Affairs. http://www.vuosituhattavoitteet.fi/)
Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases
Introduction of diseases:
HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus) is a retrovirus that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening deadly infections. This disease is very dangerous because it takes over 2.4–3.3 million lives a year, and in 2007 570,000 of the amount were children. A third of these deaths happen in sub-Saharan Africa.
Malaria is caused by a parasite called Plasmodium; it is transmitted via bites of infected mosquitoes. This dangerous disease leads to high fevers, diarrhea, chills, nausea, influence, and in the worst cases, in coma and death. Each year, 515 million people contract Malaria, and it kills one to three million people, the majority of them being young children in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Cholera is caused by a bacterium called the Vibrio cholerae. This disease leads to diarrhea and it spread easily in drinking water.
Tuberculosis is also caused by bacterium and it is usually very long affected and it appears in lungs.
Other diseases are lung infections, different kind of diarrhea and fever diseases. According to some examinations, the most general disease in developing countries is not malaria, Cholera or Aids, but a depression caused by them.
My own thoughts on Combating HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases:
Diseases have been a big problem in the world. Many people have been affected by them. The only thing we can do is to try and help to stop these diseases from spreading by giving the infected medicine and different kinds of vaccinations to relieve their pain and suffering. Even though we give medicine to those who need it, there will always be diseases. I think that the best way of putting an end to these problems is to give people all the information about the diseases, for example, developing countries, which have the problem with diseases, have also many organizations giving information to people and trying to prevent the diseases from spreading further. These organizations are starting to win the fight by reducing the amount of people that are getting diseases, but there are still millions of people in developing countries who are suffering and need help with their battle against the diseases.
If you really want to help these people who are living in developing countries you can get in contact with people in various organizations or simply give some money to the Red Cross or the Salvation Army. I sometimes wonder whether the money people give is going to the people who need help or if the Red Cross is taking the money for itself? My family has given some money to the Red Cross and I hope that our money has gone to the people who need it and that they are happier than ever.
By Jasmiini Vallivaara (student at Haukipudas High School)
Sources: https://mail.hpnet.fi/exchweb/bin/redir.asp?URL=http://fi.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaria, https://mail.hpnet.fi/exchweb/bin/redir.asp?URL=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HIV, https://mail.hpnet.fi/exchweb/bin/redir.asp?URL=http://www.ktl.fi/portal/suomi/tietoa_terveydesta/terveys_ja_sairaudet/infektiotaudit/tuberkuloosi/, http://www.kepa.fi/kumppani/arkisto/1998_1/1355,
The Ministry for Foreign Affairs. http//:www.vuosituhattavoitteet.fi/
at 2:14 AM