Wednesday, November 14, 2007

UN Millenium Development Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases


Copyright: UNICEF Finland

By Tiina Mustakangas-Laukka

Malaria kills more than one million people a year. 8000 people die of AIDS and 4000 people die of Tuberculosis every day. In the 1930-50s Tuberculosis killed 8000 people in Finland a year. Today in Finland, medicines and treatments to fight the disease have reduced the number of deaths to less than 300 per year.

How is it possible that diseases which can become epidemic are under control in your country (Tuberculosis), or the catching of which can be prevented (Malaria), and which can be well treated (HIV/AIDS) are fatal in developing countries? How could the number of vaccinations be increased in developing countries? How could we help?
(The Ministry for Foreign Affairs. http://www.vuosituhattavoitteet.fi/)

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Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases

Introduction of diseases:

HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus) is a retrovirus that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening deadly infections. This disease is very dangerous because it takes over 2.4–3.3 million lives a year, and in 2007 570,000 of the amount were children. A third of these deaths happen in sub-Saharan Africa.

Malaria is caused by a parasite called Plasmodium; it is transmitted via bites of infected mosquitoes. This dangerous disease leads to high fevers, diarrhea, chills, nausea, influence, and in the worst cases, in coma and death. Each year, 515 million people contract Malaria, and it kills one to three million people, the majority of them being young children in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Cholera is caused by a bacterium called the Vibrio cholerae. This disease leads to diarrhea and it spread easily in drinking water.

Tuberculosis is also caused by bacterium and it is usually very long affected and it appears in lungs.

Other diseases are lung infections, different kind of diarrhea and fever diseases. According to some examinations, the most general disease in developing countries is not malaria, Cholera or Aids, but a depression caused by them.

My own thoughts on Combating HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases:

Diseases have been a big problem in the world. Many people have been affected by them. The only thing we can do is to try and help to stop these diseases from spreading by giving the infected medicine and different kinds of vaccinations to relieve their pain and suffering. Even though we give medicine to those who need it, there will always be diseases. I think that the best way of putting an end to these problems is to give people all the information about the diseases, for example, developing countries, which have the problem with diseases, have also many organizations giving information to people and trying to prevent the diseases from spreading further. These organizations are starting to win the fight by reducing the amount of people that are getting diseases, but there are still millions of people in developing countries who are suffering and need help with their battle against the diseases.

If you really want to help these people who are living in developing countries you can get in contact with people in various organizations or simply give some money to the Red Cross or the Salvation Army. I sometimes wonder whether the money people give is going to the people who need help or if the Red Cross is taking the money for itself? My family has given some money to the Red Cross and I hope that our money has gone to the people who need it and that they are happier than ever.

By Jasmiini Vallivaara (student at Haukipudas High School)

Sources: https://mail.hpnet.fi/exchweb/bin/redir.asp?URL=http://fi.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaria, https://mail.hpnet.fi/exchweb/bin/redir.asp?URL=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HIV, https://mail.hpnet.fi/exchweb/bin/redir.asp?URL=http://www.ktl.fi/portal/suomi/tietoa_terveydesta/terveys_ja_sairaudet/infektiotaudit/tuberkuloosi/, http://www.kepa.fi/kumppani/arkisto/1998_1/1355,
The Ministry for Foreign Affairs. http//:www.vuosituhattavoitteet.fi/

11 comments:

medinahaukipudas said...

By Rita Siipola & Riikka

It is estimated that AIDS has killed approximately 25 million people since it was discovered in the beginning of 1980th decent. Even today, there is currently no vaccine or cure for HIV or AIDS. There are still medicines that slow the progress of the disease and also a number of drugs used to treat malaria and other similar diseases.

Also these drugs should be taken to the developing countries to provide essential aid. However these drugs and transporting can be very expensive. That is why we, people in industrialized countries have a responsibility to help in order to make the world a better place for everyone.

One way to prevent the spreading of HIV and Aids is to distribute contraceptives in developing countries. For example condoms are a cheap and easy way to avoid these diseases.

To prevent malaria, mosquitoes should be eradicated and prevent mosquito bites by wearing skin covering clothes.

It is also extremely important to take knowledge of these diseases, their consequences and prevention to the areas, where help is needed.

medinahaukipudas said...

By Tommi Mäkinen & Juuso Pohjonen

In our country tuberculosis is under control because of antibiotics. We also have different kind of vaccinations. Malaria is also a serious problem in Africa. We have not fear about malaria here in Finland. If you are going to travel to area where is malaria you should get some medicines against malaria.
HI-virus is a huge problem in Africa and other poor regions. That could prevent by inhibition. People should not have so much sex. People should not do that much children because of high level of diseases. Birthrate is too high.
We should carry more vaccinations to developing countries. We need more charity to lower rate of diseases or more money to get vaccinations and other medicines. We should show them a example how to develop technology, medication and education. We could send more people with knowledge to teach them. We hope that situation goes to better way. We hope that world would be better place to live.

medinahaukipudas said...

By Samuli Yliniemi

There are many kinds of diseases in developing countries that we don't have in Europe. For example mosquitos carry a deadly disease called malaria. It ends over 1 million human lives each year, 75% of them are children. Also HIV/AIDS are causing lots of casualties in the countries which have extreme poverty and hunger. Over 6000 people die of AIDS every day. Tuberculosis isn't that serious disease but it still kills a bit under 5000 people every day.

It is possible that diseases which can become epidemic are under control in our country because our medical resources are higher than in developing countries. That's why we should try increasing the number of medical resourses in the countries which need them.

Low number of vaccinations could be increased by selling them for a cheaper price or giving them for free. Increasing the number of hospitals in the developing countries should also be highly priorited.

We could help them by supporting the organisations that help the developing countries and giving them some money to buy medicines, fresh water and food.

Niko Karonen said...

This is also a big healthcare and education question. People in third world could get education about aids and other diseases. Then those diseases would be rarer. And better healthcare and hygiene could be taken care better and diseases wouldn’t spread so easily. I’ve heard that there is a vaccine for malaria but it’s expensive. If we give more money to third world countries they could get vaccines to these diseases.

MackFlinn said...

I believe that all of the events of poverty, malnutrition, lack of a better education and disease all coincide with one another.

If we were to continue to show our nationalized support to Africa by sending them school supplies and minimal aid, it shows that in some way shape or form that we care!

As a USA citizen, I believe we can make a difference step by step, by developing new technologies and providing food for not so fortunate families. AIDS is a huge detromental factor of death all around the World, and it spreads fast. By providing little things, we can't cure AIDS, but we can better the circumstances.

Thanks,
Mack Flinn (Student of Robert Thompson)

Jesse Thompson said...

Issues such as these could easily be avoided by offering free healthcare to countries where these diseases are most prevalent. All it would take is a few good people who genuinly care about the wellbeing of the less fortunate and are willing to commit their lives to assisting them. The medications needed to treat diseases such as malaria are not expensive to produce and could easily be mass produced but for some reason we choose not to, possibly because of the lack of support that people show.



Posted by Jesse Thompson (Robert Thompson's student)

Paige Sinclair said...

I also think that all of these issues conincide with extreme poverty. If people in developing nations had more money, they would be able to afford the healthcare they need to combat diseases like HIV. Also, they would have the chance to go to school, where they could learn how to protect themselves from these diseases.
Americans have many resources, financially and politically, and I think that we could be doing so much more to help end poverty. I think that once poverty is eradicated, some of the other issues will be alleviated.

heidi said...

Money is proplem because cure is depend on money.We can drape information how to protect themselves.And wrong information has to beat off.Developing countries are depend on voluntary workers and maybe they need more help.We have to collect money and invest it to clinics and schools.More clinicks give jobs and schools draping information.

Lanna Demers said...

I agree with what many others have said in this blog. to solve this problem, it will require money that poverty stricken people simply dont have. But the problem wont go away if Americans and Europeans just throw money at the nations in need of aid. Some nations, such as African countries, lose money that was meant for the people due to corrutpion of the government. Maybe if Americans and Europeans volenteered our time and skills, we could make the world a healthier place. the US already has programs like this (such as Peace Crops) but maybe if we stepped it up and encoraged other countries to follow, the rate of deadly disease would decline and the world would be a healthier, happier place.

Tommi said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
medinahaukipudas said...

You're so right Ianna! Corruption is a huge problem in developing countries, and it's very frustrating for all who are doing their best to improve the situation. On the other hand, corruption in developing countries is also human and quite understandable. If extreme poverty, hunger, and diseases are all you see around you, rules and regulations become meaningless, and it's mostly just about the survival of the fittest. Ianna's proposition about offering our aid in the form of our own time and skills is excellent, and I agree with her that we should increase the amount of it. I know that one of the aid forms Finland is giving in Africa is to improve the local administration and cut down the corruption. Let's hope the situation is improving!

Tintti