Friday, May 6, 2011

The UN Millennium Goal 6 Report

Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other diseases - Where do we stand now?
The report was presented by Tuomo Holma, Paula Koivukangas, Aaro Littow and Joonas Mäenpää

— The number of HIV infections dropped from 3,5m (in 1996) to 2,7m (in 2008).
— Deaths from AIDS related illnesses dropped from 2,2m (in 2004) to 2,0m (in 2008).
— New epidemic stabilized in most regions. New HIV infections are still on the rise in Eastern EU and Central Asia.
— Antiretrovial treatment has expanded, but HIV infenction rates outpaces it.
— In 2003 only 400 000 people were receiving treatment, in 2009 over 5m people were on treatment.
— E.g. in 2008 alone over 60 000 babies were prevented, because their HIV positive mothers received treatment.
— The UN children’s Fund (UNICEF), the World Health Organization (WHO), the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) and UNAIDS have helped countries to scale up programs for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.
— In Burkina Faso, the UN Development Program (UNDP) is supporting regularly nearly 36,000 people living with HIV.
— Food, home visits, etc.
— A handbook on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights has been developed.
— UNESCO leads the Global Initiative on Education and HIV/AIDS.
— Assists countries in education systems --> address the effects of the pandemic on their education systems.
— In 2008 there were 243m cases of malaria causing 863 000 deaths, 89 per cent of them in Africa.
— Increased funding has helped the control of malaria.
— Production of mosquito nets rose from 30m to 150m between 2004 and 2009.
— Funding for malaria control was $1,5 billion in 2009 – far from estimated $6 billion needed in 2010 alone to meet the MDG target.
— Remains the second leading killer after HIV.
— Prevalence is falling in most regions, expect Asia.
— 11m people suffered from Tuberculosis in 2008.
— Number of new cases fell from 143 to 139 per 100,000 people between 2004 and 2008.
— If this continues, the MDG goal will have been achieved since 2004.
— National Tuberculosis Control Program provided treatment for 11m people and saved more than 2m lives.
— Between 1990 and 2008 the prevalence of tuberculosis diminished by 44 per cent.
— HIV/AIDS treatment access goal:
There is still a huge amount of people living with HIV/AIDS without access to treatment.
— HIV/AIDS halting and reversing goal:
In 2008 there were 2.7 million new HIV infections.
— Malaria and other diseases halting/reversing goal: In 2008 there were 243 cases of malaria, a lot of more funding needed to achieve the goal.

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