Thursday, December 4, 2008


In November 2008 two groups of students in Haukipudas held a "cross-scientific seminar". One group consisted of our senior students (course English 7) and the other mainly of first year students (Biology 3). Before the actual seminar the students studied topics ranging from Finnish nature to our ecological footprint. Also Finnish World Heritage Sites as well as other man-made or natural sites that they found somehow meaningful to them personally or to this area were an important theme. The themes were covered in lessons and individually by the students. In the actual seminar the students performed in small groups. They showed Power Point - presentations and talked about their topic in English. All in all it was a good experience to the students as well as to us teachers (Esko Olkoniemi, biology, and Anja Moilanen, English) to combine forces and make two groups and two different school subjects work together. Here below are some of the presentations held by the students. In the comments - section there are their written presentations. - by Anja Moilanen


medinahaukipudas said...

The church of Haukipudas

The church of Haukipudas is located in the center of Haukipudas village. The church stands near the coast the Gulf of Bothnia and the coast of the Kiiminkijoki-river.

The Evangelical Lutheran church was built in the mid- 1700s. The church was designed and built by Jaakko Suonperä and it had been finished in 1762. The belfry which is located in the churchyard was built before the church in 1751. Heikki Väänänen designed and built the belfry.

Ten years later that the church was completed, Mikael Toppelius painted biblical pictures in the church between 1774 and 1779. Mikael Toppelius was one of the most famous church painters of his time. In the church there were about 40 pictures painted by Mikael Toppelius. The paintings express baroque- and rococo styles, also the Chinese painting style. The most impressive painting is the last Judgement. The painting is eight meters wide and four meters high. The last Judgement painting is respected among art history experts.

The church is a significant attraction in Haukipudas and it is also respected among villagers. In the church there are seats for about 540 people. The church is dignified for two reasons, one is the Toppelius’ paintings and the other is that there are relic paintings of the older church on the church loft. The church will be repaired in 2009.


by Minna V.

medinahaukipudas said...

the river Kiiminkijoki

Kiiminkijoki is almost as natural a river as it can be. It’s 178 kilometers long and it starts from Kivarinjärvi, Puolanka and ends in Haukipudas. Kiiminkijoki belongs to Project Aqua, which tries to keep the river in scientific projects as long as they can. There are about 70 rapids in the river. The most known rapids are Koitelinkoski in Kiiminki and Kurimonkoski in Puolanka.

Kiiminkijoki is a good place for fishing, paddling and hiking. There are six different fish species in Kiiminkijoki: sea trout, salmon, grayling, pike, perch and trout. If you want to fish there you need a fishing license.

For paddling there are many different courses which you can use. The most popular courses are Kivarinjärvi – Kurimonkoski, Perjakankosket – Ylivuotto,
Isohuoseus – Jokikokonkoski, Koitelinkoski – Haukipudas and Pirttijärvi - Pirttijoki - Tilanjoki – Kurimonkoski.
There is only one hiking path in touch with Kiiminkijoki. It’s called Kivijärven Kinttupolku and it’s 25 kilometers long.

by Jani I.

medinahaukipudas said...

Sea area near Haukipudas

Haukipudas is located on the coast of Bothnian bay. The Bothnian bay is the most northern part of the Gulf of Bothnia. Biggest ports in the Bothnian bay are Oulu, Kemi and Raahe. The Bothnian bay has the highest rate of rising of land by post-glacial rebound in the Baltic Sea. Salinity in this bay is so low that you cannot taste the salt in the water. That is why many freshwater fishes thrive in it. Since the Bothnian bay is the northern part of the Gulf of Bothnia, it is frozen the longest time in the Baltic Sea. It is frozen over five months every year.

The Gulf of Bothnia is a bigger part of the Baltic Sea that includes also Bothnian bay. The gulf is 725 kilometres long and 80 – 240 kilometres wide. The gulf has an average depth of 60 metres and the maximum depth is 295 metres. The Deepest point is located near the coast of Ångermanland. The surface area is 117,000 km². Into the gulf flow a number of rivers from both sides like Ume, Lule, Torne, Kemijoki, Oulujoki and Kokemäenjoki. In the south the water is normal brackish water of the Baltic Sea, but in the north water is a lot fresher. The land surrounding the Gulf of Bothnia is heavily forested. That is why forest industries are very popular in this area. The Biggest cities in the coast of this gulf are Umeå, Luleå, Härnösand, Sundsvall and Gävle on the side of Sweden. Pori, Vaasa and Oulu are the biggest cities on the side of Finland.

Since the Gulf of Bothnia is not so deep, there are quite many islands. There are many big islands like Raippaluoto which is located near Vaasa and its surface area is 142 km². There is a 1 045-metre-long bridge between Raippaluoto and mainland. Another big island is Hailuoto which is located near Oulu. Surface area of Hailuoto is 1 081, 99 km2. If you want to go to Hailuoto by car you have to use a ferry.

There are also plenty of animals in the Gulf of Bothnia. The Biggest fish species are whitefish, Baltic herring, vendace and also salmon. Baltic herring is the most wanted species in professional fishing in the areas of Gulf of Bothnia. In areas of the Bothnian bay there is a special species named vendace that does not exist anywhere else. There are also a lot of birds in the Gulf. The best place to see many species of birds is the Gulf of Liminka.

by Miikka H.

medinahaukipudas said...

Verla Groundwood and Board Mill

Verla’s first small groundwood was established in 1872 but it burned down four years later. Then the second groundwood was built in 1882 and next to it Austrian Gottlieb Greild, German Luis Hänel and Finnish Wilhelm Dippel built a board mill. At first the mills were made of wood but after they were destroyed in fire, men decided to rebuild them from bricks. This version of mills was finished in late 19th century.

In 1920 Kissakoski Oy bought Verla groundwood and board mills and a couple f years later UPM-Kymmene bought Kissankoski Oy and at the same time Verla with it. New owners renewed mill’s machinery a little but basic working methods stayed pretty invariable.

In 1964 mills were disbanded and machines and buildings were left alone there. And then finally in 1972 a museum was opened in mills. We can say that the father of the museum is Veikko Talvi who proposed to the board of UPM-Kymmene to repair mills and open them again as a museum. Museum opened at the same time when UPM-Kymmene became 100 years old. Actually, also at the same time Verla’s first groundwood would have become 100 years old too.

In 1991 UPM-Kymmene made a motion and they proposed that the museum and its surroundings would get official protection. In 1996 UNESCO accepted it as a World Heritage Site.

by Harri K.

amo said...

The Kvarken Archipelago

The Kvarken Archipelago is the first natural heritage site in Finland which UNESCO listed on the world heritage list in summer 2006. Obtaining World heritage status is a very long process and the work began already in 1997.

Since then scientists began to gather proof that the Kvarken Archipelago will be worthy for Word heritage status. Together The Kvarken Archipelago and Swedish High coast create a unique geological entity and a transboundary world natural heritage site. Finland has also 6 cultural heritage sites.

The area rises every year (about 8mm) so it is a unique example for a landscape which changes all the time. The flat Archipelago of Kvarken gives a perfect example how the land uplift forms the landscape and influences biological processes. The Kvarken Archipelago is largely very low-lying and the highest point rises only 20 meters above the sea level. New islands rise from the sea, bays are transformed into lakes and also shipping lanes become lower.
These changes are distinguishable during one generation because the domain expands every year (100 ha). The Kvarken Archipelago is everyday environment but also a valuable cultural and natural heritage resource in future.

The area got rid of ice about 10 000 years ago and includes 6 550 islands. Nature in the Kvarken Archipleago is special and the moraine ridges are extraordinary. Particularly impressive is the De Geer moraine continental ice sheet in the plains of Ostrobothnia.


by Mia K.